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What is ADHD?

Presentation in Class

By Angela DeMondo

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Angela DeMondo completed her undergraduate studies at Arizona State University, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in Health Sciences with honors. Since high school, where she contributed to the school newspaper, she has harbored enthusiasm for the craft of writing. Her inclination towards

health and patient advocacy was sparked upon discovering the prevalence of hypertension throughout her familial lineage. Furthermore, she initiated the Wasted Wednesday Campaign with the aim of raising awareness about the escalating issue of single-use mask pollution and providing education on the appropriate utilization and disposal of masks amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. 

What is ADHD?

According to a recent report by WebMD, the number of American adults living with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) surpassed 10 million in 2022. It is characterized by distinct neurological and mental health impacts, which sets these individuals apart from the general adult population (WebMD, 2022). The CDC classifies anyone older than 18 to be an adult (Bureau, 2022). Having ADHD has far-reaching effects on one's personal and professional lives. 

ADHD: A Mind That Sets Itself Apart

According to recent findings from ADD/ADHD.org (2022), neurodivergence is characterized by atypical neurological development, identified as having a genetic basis. This phenomenon involves the generation of distinct neural pathways within the ADHD mind, leading to remarkable reactions to seemingly ordinary occurrences. Norepinephrine and dopamine have emerged as prominent neurotransmitters in the context of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Neurotransmitters have a significant impact on various cognitive functions, including planning, organizing, focusing, paying attention, remembering, communicating, maintaining a positive disposition, problem-solving, and social interaction. The ADHD brain stands out from others due to its unique chemical composition.

Exploring through the Lens of the ADHD Mind: time, communication, social situation

ADHD traits exhibit a wide range of expressions and can have varying impacts on individuals. However, in the general scheme of human existence, individuals frequently depend on various elements, including the passage of time, their senses, cognitive abilities, and emotional reactions, to navigate the intricacies of life. The naturally chaotic mind of ADHD have been found to perceive time differently, according to recent research (Clinical Implications of the Perception of Time in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review - PubMed, 2019). In a rapidly evolving society, the relentless passage of time can frequently slip by unnoticed, leaving ADHD individuals with a sense of uneasiness and anxiety. Emotions, when experienced, can take on different forms, including a diminished ability to concentrate, overthinking, or an inclination towards hyper behavior. Individuals with neurodivergent ADHD often face difficulties in communication, which can pose challenges in understanding amongst peers and unintentionally diminish the perceived intellectual abilities of those speaking. Individuals with ADHD often exhibit a communication style characterized by a tendency to rapidly switch between subjects, experiencing challenges in finding the right words, excessive talking, and processing information either with a delay or at an accelerated pace. Another aspect of life that is viewed differently is social interactions. Adults diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often encounter challenges when navigating social interactions  (How Adult ADHD Can Affect Social Skills and Relationships | www.succeedsocially.com, 2023.). People with diverse brain wiring frequently approach tasks in different ways than the average person appearing to have difficulty with certain tasks. In the early stages of their life, the individual's journey is marked by the presence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, a condition that may have contributed to their struggles in acquiring social skills. Consequently, this lack of proficiency in social interactions potentially led to their exclusion by peers, limiting their exposure to valuable lessons on appropriate behavior. Children with ADHD may experience a detrimental impact on their self-esteem, perceiving themselves as flawed or defective.

 

ADHD: the positives

Rather than being a drawback, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is just a different way of going from point A to point B. Positive characteristics of ADHD include spontaneity, creativity, tenacity, and high energy (What Are the Benefits of ADHD?, 2023.) They also provide unique perspectives, which some find interesting and beneficial. Those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be incredibly persistent, fast learners, and creative problem solvers. Furthermore, individuals frequently have a disposition towards fairness and empathy. The ADHD mind has an exceptional capacity to identify patterns, understand how numerous systems function, and learn quickly.

In conclusion

ADHD is a condition that makes people stand out in many ways, and it can also alter the way a person sees the world. Although there are difficulties associated with having ADHD, the benefits of this disorder should not be overlooked. Building bridges of understanding between people is the best way to ensure a bright future for everyone.



 

Work Cited

Clinical Implications of the Perception of Time in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review - PubMed. (2019, May 26). PubMed. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.914225

How Adult ADHD Can Affect Social Skills And Relationships | www.succeedsocially.com. (n.d.). How Adult ADHD Can Affect Social Skills and Relationships | www.succeedsocially.com. https://www.succeedsocially.com/adultadhd

7 Misconceptions About Adult ADHD That You Should Know. (2022, October 19). Health. https://www.health.com/condition/adhd/adult-adhd-real-people

Clinical Implications of the Perception of Time in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Review - PubMed. (2019, May 26). PubMed. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.914225

A. (2014, September 9). The Effects of ADHD on Communication – ADD Resource Center. The Effects of ADHD on Communication – ADD Resource Center. https://www.addrc.org/effects-adhd-communication/

What are the benefits of ADHD? (n.d.). What Are the Benefits of ADHD? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/adhd-benefits

Bureau, U. C. (2022, March 25). Population Under Age 18 Declined Last Decade. Census.gov. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2021/08/united-states-adult-population-grew-faster-than-nations-total-population-from-2010-to-2020.html

Adult ADHD: Statistics and Facts. (2022, July 13). WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/adult-adhd-facts-statistic

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